The impact of global financial crisis on conventional and Islamic banks in the GCC countries
Oct 18, 2018
Published in: International journal of Finance and Economics
Using large dataset from audited financial statements of 81 banks in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region, this article aims at assessing the performance of Islamic banks and conventional banks during the 2008 financial crisis. Unlike major studies that explored this area of study in the GCC countries, this paper investigates the performance of both types of banks before, during, and after the 2008 financial crisis, while covering four different financial performance measures, namely, efficiency, profitability, liquidity, and solvency. Moreover, this investigation is undertaken while covering a larger time span (2006–2012) than perhaps all similar works that covered similar study on the GCC region. With the use of mixed‐effect linear regression, the paper shows that, compared with Islamic banks, conventional banks have sustained a better performance over the 2006–2012 period in relation to efficiency and return on assets. In this context, the paper puts a note on the shortcomings of the institutional arrangement of the Islamic banks that impeded their performance during the crisis as well as on the active role of GCC governments during the financial crash.