Funding Higher Education as a Strategic Good of a Nation

يناير 01, 2023

/ Mahmoud Askari / Ghaleb El Refae

In this paper, we propose that higher education should be seen as a strategic good of nations. We argue that Higher education is neither a private, nor a public good, and that its facilitation by governments, and its attainment of citizens is critically required for the wellbeing of a nation. As well, we use the partnership funding model of higher education as a framework to facilitate the strategic investment in higher education by economically capable governments. We used enrollment and fu...

Conference Paper

Numeric Big Data Analytics for Successful Decision Making: A Case Study from the Retail Industry in Canada

نوفمبر 22, 2022

Mahmoud Yousef Askari Ghaleb A. El Refae

This paper proposes that the successful analysis of big data in the retail industry is the key to successful business practice, and is an essential ingredient for successful decision making in many industries. In this paper, we present a case analysis of the use of numeric big data analytics to discover the decline in profits while sales figures are rising during promotion weeks at a Toronto-based retail chain store. We also discuss why big data analytics should be seen as a key practice in the...


Women Leadership Effectiveness: Competitive Factors and Subjective and Objective Qualities

نوفمبر 10, 2022

/ Bayan Farhan

The purpose of this study is to identify the competitive factors that contribute to leadership effectiveness for women. I posed two research questions: How do women lead? And what are their competitive factors and leadership qualities? I used an instrumental cases approach to investigate the top 10 women CEOs leading Fortune 500 companies in 2021 and better understand how competitive factors and subjective and objective leadership qualities may drive women leadership effectiveness. Using an exp...

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