Article

Retention Contracts under Partial Information Electoral Competition Case Study

أغسطس 01, 2022

/ zina houhamdi / Belkacem Athamena / Ghaleb El Refae

This study copes with a class of principal-agent problems where information asymmetry represents an important characteristic. The paper examines the relationship between the principal and agents. The principal has to perform two agents’ screening and discipline tasks. To complete his duties, the principal lacks complete information concerning the agents’ behavior and rarely has partial information regarding the failure or success of launched tactics, alliances, rationalization, etc. We analyze ...


Article

Retention contracts with asymmetric information: optimistic approach vs pessimistic approach

أغسطس 01, 2022

/ Belkacem Athamena / zina houhamdi / Ghaleb El Refae

Purpose: This paper aims to focus on the utilization of retention contracts to screen and discipline managers in a context in which the council, board of directors, possesses incomplete information about the consequences of managers’ decisions. The analysis enlightens us on empire building, on the slight connection between achievement and firing, and describes concerns about the belief that low achievements result from bad managers. Design/methodology/approach: This paper analyzes a basic model...


Article

An Organization’s Success and a Three-Factor Model of Leadership: Evidence from Harvard University

يونيو 01, 2022

/ Bayan Farhan

The study illustrates the leadership role in an academic organization and investigates the leadership approaches that might account for an organization’s success. Leadership at Harvard University is studied as a case study to characterize leadership legacy and to explore whether or not a combination of three leadership factors might be indispensable to the success of academic organization. This study is conducted through a thematic design. Short quotes are reviewed to provide a practical analys...


Article

Formal Approach to Data Accuracy Evaluation

يونيو 01, 2022

/ Belkacem Athamena / zina houhamdi

Usually, data quality is defined by multiple attributes that allow classifying the output data (such as completeness, freshness, and accuracy) or the methods exploiting these data (such as dependability, performance, and protection). Among the suggested quality attributes, we will discuss one of the principal categories: data accuracy. Scientific experiments, decision–making, and data retrieval are examples of situations that require a formal evaluation approach to data accuracy. The evaluation...


Article

A Hypothesis on Rationalizing Decisions by Constructing Personal Realities

يناير 12, 2022

/ Mahmoud Askari / Ghaleb El Refae

In this paper, we propose a hypothetical model to show how people construct their realities, and how they subjectively rationalize their decisions and actions. We hypothesize that when making individual decisions, what matters is the reality as perceived by individual decision makers, regardless of the objective or subjective approach to reality. The paper attempts to study the link between perceived reality (subjective reality), and how people rationalize their decisions and actions. The pap...

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